The year 2006 must see the launch of the “parallel processes” of dialogue about the post-2012 system established under the Protocol and the Convention, as well as their coherence. In order to contribute to the success of this launch, efforts will focus on four main areas:
Ensuring the success of the industrialized countries’ first commitment period: it is of common interest that the commitments to fight against climate change apply to more Parties after 2012 (second period). Therefore, the credibility of the approach of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol (“common but differentiated responsibility”) will depend on the ability of the Annex 1 countries, and the EU in particular, both collectively (European bubble) and individually, to comply with the commitments made for the first period (2008-2012). From this standpoint, a recent study carried out by the European Commission (December 2005) emphasizes that the EU - and therefore France - is expected to reach and even exceed the targets assigned in 2012.
Accelerating the deployment of funds for purchasing carbon, by relying on the reinforcement of the flexibility mechanisms: the very strong need of the governments and companies of Annex 1 countries to purchase carbon credits is expected to find an improved source of supply in the flexibility mechanisms (CDM, clean development mechanism, and JI, joint implementation). It is essential that intergovernmental agreements be developed with the LDCs and transition economy countries to send a strong political signal to the launch of industrial projects, in particular in China, India and Russia. In addition, they will make it possible to actively support the development and transfer of new clean technologies.
Promoting technological innovation: it will not be enough to extend the Kyoto mechanisms and creativity will have to be demonstrated to define the post-2012 commitments and targets to hit. Technological innovation will be one part of the solution, with a view to slower carbon growth as well as the adjustment of economies to unavoidable climate changes. These prospects, outlined during the G8 Summit in Gleneagles, would also warrant going into in greater detail in the context of reflections on the new strategic approaches in the fight against climate change by the year 2050.
Reinforcing diplomatic action focusing on climate within the G8: The progress enabled by the British presidency of the G8 in the area of energy/climate must be maintained in 2006. As a result, it is essential that the topic of energy security include not only energy supply, but also the policies linked to climate change (demand for energy, energy efficiency, diversification of energy package).