The presentation of the Educational and Linguistic Cooperation.
The linguistic cooperation is one of the strategic priorities of the France Cooperation in Kenya,it aims to stimulate and accompany the teaching of French as a foreign language et for specific purpose,which is in a dynamic context favorable to Kenya.
French is the first foreign language taught in kenya with more than 40,000 students in secondary and 8,000 in the upper.
The awareness of a true african Francophonie should strengthen this situation even more,as well as the development of university exchanges with France and all the French speaking-countries.More than 500 public education institutions offer french education.In 2017,more than 5,000 high school students chose French among the KCSE exams,same as Bacallaureat.28 Universities and 20 higher Technical and Professional instituts (TVET) offer courses in professional French.(Hotel/Tourisme,International Relations,Business,…)and two kenyan universities have already adhered to Francophonie University Association(AUF).7 Universities offer a bachelor in french including 5 public universities.3 of the largest public universities offer Masters.
The cooperation with the French Departments of public and private universities ,very many in kenya(Faculty of Arts and Education ),aims to strengthen the teaching of French as a foreign language and for specific purposes.In addition to the funding of mobility visits as part of doctoral thesis,the Embassy organises trainings and supports a training centre for teachers,in particular by training specialists in the didactic of French as a foreign language able to intervene on the contents of teaching and to contibute to the renovation of the university courses.
This expansion of French in a Swahili-speaking and English-speaking context is especially enabled by a network of 450 teachers, invested with a mission of spreading of French and supported by the linguistic cooperation led by the French embassy as well as the Kenyan Association of Teachers of French (KATF).The French benefit from a strong historical position and image of excellence on which we rely to develop a qualitative approach.
The support and the enhancement of French education in the school and university systems is the first pillar of the educational policy of this Embassy which leads to concerted actions with the local authorities,mainly the Ministry of Education and its various services or operators (KICD,KNEC)but also with the universities ,the public and parapublic institutions as well as with the Associations working to the promote French(KATF).This is also the case with training of teachers,accompaning of reforms,support reforms,support for the presence of native speakers in the institutions with the new programme of language assistants.
In his speech of 20th march 2018 at the French Academy ,the president od the republic announces his ambition for the French Language;the 5th most spoken language on the planet,the 4th language of the internet ,it is known to be spoken by 700 million speakers in the middle of the 21st century.To place French in its french speaking plurality(more spoken outside France than on the French territory),to consolidate multiliguisme,to learn and to transmit so that the rising generations are built according to common values,which is the second pillar of our cooperation.These actions are carried out with partners such as the CIEP,the CCIP,the AUF and the diplomatic representations of French-speaking countries present in Kenya.
The SCAC aims at promoting the French language in Kenya and supporting its teaching.It provides technical and financial support of projects led by the partners,mainly in the sector of training teachers,staffing of educational material, development of programs and ressources adapting to the needs of students(pupils,students and professionls)as well as promoting of the French language.
Support and development of French teaching in the kenyan system
The French Embassy supports the development of the French language in Kenya,in East Africa and in the African Union.Infact,from 2004 to 2008, a mobilising regional project(“FSP 2014-04 (A fund of Priority Solidarity)”support for french in the East African integration and an envelop of 1300000 Euro” led by the Ministry of Forign Affaires and the French Embassies in Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia allows the promotion of French around common axes of development. An FSPI (2018-2019)accompanies a reform on the introduction of the foreign languages in to the elementary cycle(initial and continuous training)so as to position French as the first foreign language from primary,accompaning french on a professional aim and to structure and sustain the continuing training of French teachers,especially thanks to the training centre at the Kenyatta University.
Also,the joint trainings with the different actors are regularly implemented to instill a dynamic in teaching French and allowing 450 teachers of French a constant update of their didactic ,linguistic and cultural practices.
The continuous training(FLE):improve the quality of teaching/learning of French as a foreign language in primary and secondary
The French Teaching and Documentation Centre(CFTD)
This regional vocational training at the Kenyatta University was officially inaugurated on the 24th of April 2019 in partnership with the French Embassy,International Centres for Pedagogical studies of the Reunion(CIEP) and AUF.This Centre is already actif and has hosted 3 trainings twice a week since August 2018 and trains more than 150 teachers.
Kenyan Ressource Centres for French(CRKF)
20 Kenyan Ressource Centres for French (CRKF) were created in the provinces in secondary schools and public universities,teams of educational ressources and computer ressources with the support of the Embassy for 10 years.These Regional Centres for French in Kenya are intended to facilitate distance trainings and to bring together several schools from the same region.
Pilot schools and FLAAP network(French Language as a priority)
THE LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY COOPERATON(FOS):to orient french as a language of employment used in the higher ,technical and profesional sectors.
Kenya has about 555,000 students in about 70 universities and college.Youth is a priority for the french-kenyan cooperation .The main goal in support of youth is to support the vocational and technical training of young people in Kenya,and also to respond to the problems of youth poverty.This project is more relevant as 60% of the kenyan population is under 24 years old.Infact the country is experiencing a strong demographic growth with the doubling of its pupolation on the last decades.Also the place of France in Kenya(where the number of french enteprises located in kenya happened from 30 to a hundred in a decade only)does its role first with the youth and especially in the education,in this context,FOS must play a big role.
Also ,since September,we have been redeploying the IFOS training offer of the CCIP,in parallel of trainings in presentiel,which was lanched in 2015.The start of this project accompanied by a promotion of professional certifications from CCIP:a training in business french and to DFP is planned at CIEP the Reunion from 23rd to 26th of April 2019.In addition,we want to facilitate the implementation of about 20 DFP for the best students of the country.
The french linguistic and cultural network is not limited to Nairobi,but it covers the whole of kenyan territory.The diffudion of french is practised daily at the Alliance Française of Nairobi as well as in the two other Alliance Françaises(Nairobi and Mombasa).By organsation graduating courses (Diploma in French language studies DELF and Advanced Diploma in french language DALF),complete documentary support(media libraries)and cultural programming(cinema,music,conferences…),this network facilitates the discovery and deepening of the French language and its cultural environment.
Context and challenges of the cooperation
Since September 2018,Kenya is eligible for the CIEP program for foreign language assistants.This program represents a tromendous mutual openness and we hope that young french people will be able to come to Kenya from 2020 to enable young kenyans to learn our langauge and to open up to French countries and cultures,especially from Africa and the Indian Ocean.
The kakuma refugee camp
The kakuma refugee camp continues to face a sustained influx of refugies.The francophones represents about 10% of the population(18,000 people from Burundi,from DRC and from Rwanda)and the local demand for trainings in french and access to french langauge ressources is still very strong.A regular follow up of the projects initiated in 2015 helps solve the isolation oof these francophone populations and a long term perspective of returning home.
France co-financed the construction of a library(2013/2015) where french and english books are available.The post supports the didactic trainings of FLE for a dozaine volunteer teachers.
Support to the teaching of FLE in somalia
This post supports the department of french from Hargyuesia university,especially thanks to the trainings ant to the support for the opening of a
Promotion of plurilinguisme
SCAC supports the strategy of Kenyan MFA on the promotion of Kiswahili while proposing an expertise for the creation of a certifiaction in kiswahili.